## Topics From Higher Secondary (Class-12)

### Electrostatics

1. Electric charges and its properties
2. Surface charge density and facts
3. Coulomb’s Law of Electrostatic force
4. Electric field and Electric field intensity
5. Properties of electric field lines
6. Electric Dipole
7. Electric Flux
8. Gauss’s Law
9. Electric field due to a Point charge
10. Electric field for a Hollow Sphere
11. Electric field for a hollow sphere
12. Electric field for a Cylindrical conductor
13. Electric field for a Charged Lamina and a capacitor
14. Electrostatic Potential
15. Electric Potential Energy
16. Equipotential Surface and its properties
17. Capacitor and Capacitance
18. Parallel plate capacitor and dielectric
19. Energy stored in a capacitor

### Current Electricity

1. Electric circuit Components – resistor, Capacitor, Inductor, Diode, Transistor.
2. Ohm’s Law
3. Ohm’s law Experiment
4. Drift velocity of electrons
5. Mobility of electrons
6. Resistors and its combinationsSeries Combination and Parallel combination
7. Kirchhoff’s law (KCL and KVL)
8. Galvanometer and Shunt
9. Wheatstone Bridge
10. Meter Bridge
11. Potentiometer
12. Transformer

### Magnetism

1. Origin, definition, unit and dimension of Magnetic field
2. direction of Magnetic field – Fleming’s thumb rule, Ampere’s Swimming rule
3. Magnetic Force on a Current Carrying wire
4. Properties of Magnetic Field lines
5. Lorentz Force and Trajectory of a moving charge in magnetic field
6. Biot-Savart law
7. Ampere’s Circuital law
8. Magnetic field inside a Solenoid
9. Magnetic field Inside a Toroid
10. Magnetic dipole and a Closed current carrying loop
11. Magnetic Materials
12. Ferromagnetic Materials – origin, properties and examples
13. Earth Magnet
14. Transformer

### Electromagnetic Induction

1. Faraday’s and Lenz’s law of electromagnetic Induction
2. Self Induction and Mutual Induction
3. Transformer

### Alternating Current

1. Alternating current and Direct Current
2. Impedances in AC circuits
3. Power factor
4. AC voltage across pure R, L and C
5. Series LRC circuit and Resonance

### Optics

1. Reflection of light
2. Refraction of Light
3. Refractive Index
4. Lens
5. Interference of light
6. Dispersion and Scattering of Light

### Modern Physics

1. Photoelectric effect
2. de Broglie’s hypothesis
3. Bohr’s Atomic theory