NAND gate with 3 inputs – truth table and circuit diagram

NAND gate is the most important logic gate in digital electronics. It is one of the universal logic gates. Because, other gates can be designed by using NAND gates only. In other articles, XOR gate, XNOR gate and basic logic gates are designed by using NAND gates. A NAND gate can have infinite number of inputs and only one output. In this article, we are going to discuss the NAND gate with 2 inputs, NAND gate with 3 inputs, their symbols, Boolean equations and truth tables.

Contents in this article:

  1. What is a NAND gate?
  2. Symbol of NAND gate
  3. NAND gate with two inputs
  4. NAND gate with three inputs
  5. Truth table of NAND gate with two inputs
  6. Truth table of NAND gate with three inputs
  7. Use of NAND gate

What is a NAND gate?

A NAND gate consists of an AND and a NOT gate in series. NAND gate is a classical logic gate which gives the output as the complement of the multiplication of the inputs. That means it gives the complement of the output of an AND gate. A NAND gate can have infinite number of inputs and only one output. If A, B, C, D,…. be the binary inputs of a NAND gate then the expression for the Boolean output will be \small \textbf{Y=} \overline{\textbf{ABCD…}}.

NAND gate with 2 inputs

A two input NAND gate will have two inputs and only one output. The circuit symbol and the truth table of a NAND gate with 2 inputs are shown below.

Symbol of NAND gate with 2 inputs

The symbol of a two input NAND gate is like this –

Circuit symbol of NAND gate with two inputs
Circuit symbol of NAND gate with two inputs

Truth table of NAND gate with 2 inputs

Let A and B be the two inputs in a NAND gate and the output is taken at Y. Then the truth table for a two input NAND gate is as following –

Input (A)Input (B)Output \small \textbf{Y=} \overline{\textbf{AB}}
001
011
101
110
Truth Table for two input NAND gate

NAND gate with 3 inputs

A three input NAND gate will have three inputs and only one output. The circuit symbol and truth table of NAND gate with 3 inputs are as below.

Symbol of NAND gate with 3 inputs

Here is the circuit symbol of a NAND gate with three inputs.

Circuit symbol of NAND gate with three inputs
Circuit symbol of NAND gate with three inputs

Truth table of NAND gate with 3 inputs

Let A, B and C be the inputs in a NAND gate and corresponding output is Y. Then the truth table of three input NAND gate is as following-

Input (A)Input (B)Input (C)Output \small \textbf{Y=} \overline{\textbf{ABC}}
0001
0011
0101
0111
1001
1011
1101
1110
Truth Table of NAND gate with 3 inputs

Uses of NAND gate

  1. There is an integrated circuit IC7400 which consists of four NAND gates. This IC is used in physics and electronics practical labs to construct basic logic gates.
  2. One can design Multiplexer and demultiplexer circuits using NAND gates.
  3. Memory units of computer are also made of NAND gates.

This is all from this article on NAND gate. If you have any doubt on it, you can ask me in the comment section.

Thank you!

Related posts:

  1. Basic logic gates with truth tables
  2. Basic logic gates using NAND gate only
  3. XOR gate
  4. NOR gate
  5. XNOR gate
  6. Boolean algebra
  7. Karnaugh map (K-map)

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